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Wydarzenia



Seminarium w Instytucie Niskich Temperatur i Badań Strukturalnych PAN

11:00 Thursday, 14-06-12
bud. II, sala 6

Mott physics and quantum phase transitions in molecular solids

prof. dr Michael Lang

Goethe-University, Frankfurt (M), Germany

Solids, made up of molecular units containing open shell transition metal ions or stable organic  p-radicals, provide flexible systems for exploring correlated electrons and spins under well-controlled conditions. In the course of an interdisciplinary research program performed within the SFB/TR 49, Frankfurt-Kaiserslautern-Mainz, a variety of molecule-based materials has been synthesized and investigated in detail.

One focus of the investigations lies on  the  quasi-twodimensional  molecular  metals  of  the k-(BEDT-TTF)2X family, where transitions between various states such as Mott-insulating, anomalous metallic and superconducting can be induced by small variations of chemical (substitution) or physical (pressure, temperature) parameters. The ability to fine-tune the materials’ electronic parameters, i.e., the strength of the on-site Coulomb repulsion relative to the band width, enables one to explore fundamental aspects of strongly correlated electrons in reduced dimensions. In this talk I will address the Mott transition in BEDT-TTF-based materials and the question of its criticality [1, 2].

 A second class of materials is formed by low-dimensional quantum magnets where the molecular components provide a magnetic exchange coupling, weak enough for laboratory magnets to tune the systems close to a field-induced quantum-critical point – a T = 0 phase transition. Here I will address the anomalous magnetocaloric effect observed in a Cu2+-containing coordination polymer, a very good realization of a spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg chain. In a proof-of-principle demonstration it has been shown that the accumulation of entropy around a quantum phase transition can be used for realizing a very efficient and flexible magnetic cooling [3].

[1] M. de Souza et al, Phys. Rev. Lett. 99, 037003 (2007)
[2] L. Bartosch et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 245701 (2010)
[3] B. Wolf et al., PNAS 108, 6862 (2011)

Seminarium z cyklu "Aktualne Problemy Fizyki Fazy Skondensowanej"

INSTYTUT NISKICH TEMPERATUR
I BADAŃ STRUKTURALNYCH
im. Włodzimierza Trzebiatowskiego
POLSKIEJ AKADEMII NAUK
Adres Instytutu:
ul. Okólna 2, 50-422 Wrocław
Adres elektroniczny:
71 343 5021, 71 395 4xxx (xxx nr wew.)
Fax: 71 344 1029
Poniedziałek - piątek w godz. 7:30-15:30